NASP13 Course Content
This is the list of pre-readings for NASP13. A link to the .pdf of each of the readings or link to the video is provided below. You are responsible for downloading and reading them before your arrival in Cloquet. Please bring the readings with you either digitally or on paper-- we will provide a binder large enough to organize them.
General Background Readings:
- Frelich, L.E. 2002. Disturbance, stand development, and successional trajectories. pp 90-123 In Forest Dynamics and Disturbance Regimes: Studies from Temperate Evergreen-deciduous Forests. Cambridge University Press, New York.
- Stearns, F.W. 1997. History of the Lake States Forests: Natural and Human Impacts. In Lake States Regional Forest Resources Assessment: Technical Papers, J.M. Vasievich and H.H. Webster, editors. USDA Forest Service GTR NC-189, 35p.
- DeRose, R.J. and J.N. Long. 2014. Resistance and resilience: A conceptual framework for silviculture. Forest Science 60(6): 1205-1212.
General Background Lecture Content:
Refer to the NASP YouTube playlist: http://z.umn.edu/NASP-videos. Although some video content will be a review, we expect you to be familiar with it - in general, we will not cover this content again in class.
- Intro to Silviculture
- Silviculture: Growing Space
- Silviculture Terminology
- Silvicultural Systems
- Forest inventory for silvicultural decision making
- Correct instrument usage for forest inventory: Angle gauge and prism
- Stand Dynamics
- Writing Silvicultural Prescriptions
- Understanding Treaty Rights and Obligations (note this video is not in the NASP YouTube playlist)
Week 1 Readings:
Monday July 22
- Silvics and tree growth (Windmuller-Campione & Sagor):
- Background reading and background lecture content as described above
- Landscape ecology (Knight):
- Turner, M.G. 2005. Landscape ecology: what is the state of the science? Annual review of ecology, evolution, and systematics: 319-344.
- Communication skills (Rodman & Sagor):
- Discussion/critique assignment (Windmuller-Campione)
- Readings to be distributed in class on July 22
Tuesday July 23
- Climate change & silvicultural strategies (Swanston, Nagel, & Janowiak):
- Janowiak, M.K., C.W. Swanston, L.M. Nagel, L.A. Brandt, P.R. Butler, S.D. Handler, P.D. Shannon, L.R. Iverson, S.N. Matthews, A. Prasad, and M.P. Peters. 2014. A practical approach for translating climate change adaptation principles into forest management actions. Journal of Forestry 112(5): 424-433.
- Forest growth, productivity, & stand dynamics (Windmuller-Campione):
- Johnson, E.A. and K. Miyanishi. 2007. Disturbance and Succession, pp 1-14 In Johnson, E.A. and K. Miyanishi (editors) Plant Disturbance Ecology: The Process and the Response. Elsevier Inc, 698 pgs.
- O'Hara, K.L. 2016. What is close-to-nature silviculture in a changing world?. Forestry 89 (1): 1-6. doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpv043
Wednesday July 24
- Habitat typing (Windmuller-Campione, Sagor, & MN DNR):
- Cook, J.E., 1996. Implications of modern successional theory for habitat typing: a review. Forest Science, 42(1), pp.67-75.
- Windmuller-Campione, M.A., Kotar, J. and Nagel, N.M., 2015. Habitat types–What they can tell us now and in the future. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 13(3), pp.893-913.
- Aaseng, N.E., J.C. Almendinger, R.P. Dana, D.S. Hanson, M.D. Lee, E.R. Rowe, K.A. Rusterholz, D.S. Wovcha. 2011. Minnesota’s native plant community classification: A statewide classification of terrestrial and wetland vegetation based on numerical analysis of plot data. Biological Report No. 108. Minnesota County Biological Survey, Ecological Land Classification Program, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. St. Paul: Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. OPTIONAL
- Fond du Lac Natural Resources:
- Treaty Rights and the Chippewa National Forest (note this video is not in the NASP YouTube playlist)
Thursday July 25
- Tree physiology (Savage):
- Reich, P. B., K.M. Sendall, A. Stefanski, X. Wei, R.L. Rich, and R.A. Montgomery. 2016. Boreal and temperate trees show strong acclimation of respiration to warming. Nature 531(7596), 633-636.
- O'Brien, M. J., B.M..J. Engelbrecht, J. Joswig, G. Pereyra, B. Schuldt, S. Jansen, J. Kattge, S.M. Landhäusser, S.R. Levick, Y. Preisler, P. Väänänen, and C. Macinnis-Ng, 2017. A synthesis of tree functional traits related to drought-induced mortality in forests across climatic zones. Journal of Applied Ecology. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12874
Friday July 26
- Forest health & disturbances (Russell):
- Russell, M and M. Albers. 2016. Eastern spruce budworm: Management Approaches in Minnesota’s Forests. University of Minnesota Extension Factsheet.
- Measuring ecosystems attributes (Sagor):
- Barnes, B.V., D.R. Zak, S.R. Denton and S.H. Spurr. 1998. Site quality and ecosystem evaluation. In Forest Ecology, 4th edition. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. pp 298-329.
- Videos (http://z.umn.edu/NASP-videos):
- Forest Inventory for Silviculture Decision Making (we will open with students discussing this content and its relevance to your work)
- Correct Instrument Usage for Forest Inventory: Angle Gauge and Prism OPTIONAL
Saturday July 27
- All day integrated field trip:
Week 2 Readings:
Monday July 29
Tuesday July 30
- Geology, landforms, soils, hydrology, and watersheds (Grigal & Karwan)
- Barnes, B.V., D.R. Zak, S.R. Denton, and S.H. Spurr. 1997. Chapter 11, Soil. p. 255-278. In Forest Ecology, 4th Edition. John Wiley and Sons, New York. ISBN : 0471308226.
- Buttle, J. M. 2011. The effects of forest harvesting on forest hydrology and biogeochemistry. In Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry (pp. 659-677). Springer Netherlands.
- Powers, R.F., D.A. Scott, F.G. Sanchez, R.A. Voldseth, D. Page-Dumroese, J.D. Elioff and D.M. Stone. 2005. The North American long-term soil productivity experiment: Findings from the first decade of research. Forest Ecology and Management 220: 31-50. OPTIONAL
- Measuring ecosystem attributes (Sagor & Windmuller-Campione)
- See readings from July 26
Wednesday July 31
- All day integrated fieldtrip at the Marcell Experimental Forest
Thursday August 1
- Fire ecology (Varner):
- Agee, J.K. and C.N. Skinner. 2005. Basic principles of forest fuel reduction treatments. Forest Ecology and Management 211: 83-96.
- Ryan, K.C., E.E. Knapp and J.M. Varner. 2013. Prescribed fire in North American forests and woodlands: history, current practice, and challenges. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment (11): e15-e24.
- Forest ecology wrap-up (Windmuller-Campione):
Friday August 2
- Final exams and module wrap-up
Additional Course Resources:
- Maher, C. T., Nelson, C. R., Larson, A. J., & Sala, A. (2018).Ecological effects and effectiveness of silvicultural restoration treatments in whitebark pine forests. Forest ecology and management, 429, 534-548.
- Goodrich, B. A., Waring, K. M., Auty, D., & Sánchez Meador, A. J. (2018). Interactions of management and white pine blister rust on Pinus strobiformis regeneration abundance in southwestern USA. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 91(4), 492-505.
- Knapp, E. E., Lydersen, J. M., North, M. P., & Collins, B. M. (2017). Efficacy of variable density thinning and prescribed fire for restoring forest heterogeneity to mixed-conifer forest in the central Sierra Nevada, CA. Forest ecology and management, 406, 228-241.
- Battaglia, M. A., Gannon, B., Brown, P. M., Fornwalt, P. J., Cheng, A. S., & Huckaby, L. S. (2018). Changes in forest structure since 1860 in ponderosa pine dominated forests in the Colorado and Wyoming Front Range, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 422, 147-160.
- McIver, J. D., & Ottmar, R. (2018). Fuel mass and stand structure 13 years after logging of a severely burned ponderosa pine forest in northeastern Oregon, USA. Forest ecology and management, 424, 505-518.
- Hagmann, R. K., Johnson, D. L., & Johnson, K. N. (2017). Historical and current forest conditions in the range of the Northern Spotted Owl in south central Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management, 389, 374-385.
- Kubiske, M. E., Woodall, C. W., & Kern, C. C. (2018). Increasing Atmospheric CO2 Concentration Stand Development in Trembling Aspen Forests: Are Outdated Density Management Guidelines in Need of Revision for All Species?. Journal of Forestry, 117(1), 38-45.
- Royo, A. A., Pinchot, C. C., Stanovick, J. S., & Stout, S. L. (2019). Timing is Not Everything: Assessing the Efficacy of Pre-Versus Post-Harvest Herbicide Applications in Mitigating the Burgeoning Birch Phenomenon in Regenerating Hardwood Stands. Forests, 10(4), 324.
- King, S. L., & Keim, R. F. (2019). Hydrologic Modifications Challenge Bottomland Hardwood Forest Management. Journal of Forestry.